Adding Value: Women’s Contributions to Reintegration and Reconstruction in El Salvador

Camille Pampell Conaway and Salome Martinez   •   January 2004


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Nearly 4,500 women, recognized as members of the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN), participated in El Salvador’s demobilization, disarmament, and reintegration (DDR) program following the 1992 ceasefire. Women contributed in a variety of ways to the program’s success. For example, women leaders from the FMLN ensured that women received the land they were granted by the nation’s land transfer program, the Programa de Transferencia de Tierra (PTT). The El Salvadoran DDR process demonstrates that women are a vital component of success for any society’s reintegration efforts. This report revisits the Salvadoran DDR program from the perspective of women and assesses how a gender perspective can improve such programs worldwide.

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